THE CITY OF BOSTON, is the capital of Massachusetts and was first incorporated as a town in 1630. It is one of America's oldest cities, with a rich economic and social history. What began as a homesteading community eventually evolved into a center for social and political change. Boston has since become the economic and cultural hub of New England. As the region's hub, Boston is home to nearly 590,000 residents, many institutions of higher education, some of the world's finest inpatient hospitals, and numerous cultural and professional sports organizations. Boston-based jobs, primarily within the finance, health care, educational, and service areas, numbered nearly 660,000 in 2002.
Millions of people visit Boston to take in its historic neighborhoods, attend cultural or sporting events, and conduct business.